Official measurement of force necessary to embed a .444 inch steel ball half way into a piece of wood. It is used an industry standard to gauge the ability of an individual species to stand up against wear and denting. This is a partial list that covers some of the most popular species of wood.
|Wood Flooring Species||Hardness|
|Ipe / Brazilian Walnut / Lapacho||3684|
|Cumaru / Brazilian Teak||3540|
|Brazilian Redwood / Paraju||3190|
|Red Mahogany / Turpentine||2697|
|Brazilian Cherry / Jatoba||2350|
|Santos Mahogany / Bocote / Cabreuva||2200|
|Sydney Blue Gum||2023|
|Goncalo Alves / Tigerwood||1850|
|Hickory / Pecan / Satinwood||1820|
|Afzelia / Doussie||1810|
|Wenge / Red Pine||1630|
|True Pine / Timborana||1570|
|Sapele / Sapelli||1510|
|Hard Maple / Sugar Maple||1450|
|Natural Bamboo (varies from brand to brand)||1380|
|Red Oak (Northern)||1290|
|Carribean Heart Pine||1280|
|Carbonized Bamboo (varies from brand to brand)||1180|
|Brazilian Eucalyptus / Rose Gum||1125|
|Black Cherry / Imbuia||950|
|Southern Yellow Pine (Longleaf)||870|
|Lacewood / Leopardwood||840|
|Southern Yellow Pine (Loblolly and Shortleaf)||690|
|Eastern White Pine||380|
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